What is Parole?

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Overview:

The Supreme Court recently said that the period of parole granted to convicts during the Covid-19 pandemic to prevent overcrowding in prisons cannot be counted as part of their actual sentence period and has to be excluded from it.

About Parole:

  • Parole is a system of releasing a prisoner with a suspension of the sentence.
  • The release is conditional, usually subject to behaviour, and requires periodic reporting to the authorities for a set period of time.
  • It is not a right of a prisoner and may be denied to a prisoner even when he makes out a sufficient case.

What is Furlough?

  • A broadly similar but subtly different concept is a furlough, which is given in the case of long-term imprisonment.
  • While furlough is seen as a matter of right, to be granted periodically irrespective of any reason and merely to enable the prisoner to retain family and social ties, 
  • Furlough is given by the state, but its decision can be challenged before a court of law

 


Q1) What is a court?

A court is an institution that the government sets up to settle disputes through a legal process. People come to court to resolve their disagreements.

Source: Parole days cannot be counted as part of the sentence period: Top court