What is Rongali Bihu?

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What is Rongali Bihu? Blog Image


On the eve of the Rongali Bihu the Assam government has planned a spectacle around the folk dance and 11,140 artists from all districts of the state will perform together at Guwahati’s Sarusajai Stadium.

About Rongali Bihu:

  • It is one of the major festival of Assam which is commonly known as  Bohag bihu
  • It is the most popular Bihu that celebrates the onset of the Assamese New Year and the coming of spring
  • The word 'Rongali' is derived from 'Rong' which means Happiness and celebrations.
  • This festival reflects the rich culture of Assamese society.
  • During the celebration, traditional pat or muga silk or cotton mekhela chadors are worn by ladies (the two-piece attire). 
  • As a sign of affection and respect, gamocha, the traditional Assamese towel, also known as Bihuwaan, is exchanged.

Key facts about Bihu

  • Bihu is a secular festival that is celebrated by people from all parts of Assam irrespective of caste creed or religious background.
    • The first Bihu is known as the Rongali Bihu or Bohag Bihu, which is celebrated in the month of April.
    • The second Bihu is known as Kati Bihu or Kongali Bihu, which is celebrated during the month of October
    • Finally there is Magh Bihu, which is observed during the month of January.


Q1) What is Muga silk?

Muga silk is a type of silk that is produced by the silkworms which is native to the state of Assam. It is a highly prized silk that is known for its unique golden color, durability, and lustrous texture.

Source: 11,000 artists in one venue: Assam set to attempt a world-record Bihu performance