The Arab League recently welcomed back Syria's government, ending a more than decade-long suspension.
About Arab League:
- Arab League, also called League of Arab States (LAS) is a regional organization of Arab states in the Middle East and parts of Africa.
- Formation:It was formed in Cairo on 22 March 1945.The founding member states were Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Transjordan (now Jordan), Saudi Arabia, and Yemen.
- Headquarters: Cairo, Egypt.
- Objective: To strengthen ties among member states, coordinate their policies and direct them towards a common good.
- Currently it has 22 members including Palestine, which the League regards as an independent state.
- Syria's participation has been suspended since November 2011, as a consequence of government repression during the Syrian Civil War.
- The highest body of the league is the Council, composed of representatives of member states, usually foreign ministers, their representatives or permanent delegates.
- The League makes decisions on a majority basis, but there is no mechanism to compel members to comply with resolutions.
- Each member has one vote on the Council, decisions being binding only on those states that have voted for them.
Q1) What is the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)?
The Organization of Islamic Cooperation is an alliance of 56 countries in which Islam plays a significant role. These are countries with Islam as the state religion, but also those in which Muslims form the majority of the population. Occasionally, members would also be admitted in which Muslims are only a minority but play a significant role for the count.