Over 1,200 biogas plants have registered on the Gobardhan portal since it was launched, according to an official release.
About Gobardhan portal:
- It serves as a centralized repository for assessing investment and participation in the Biogas/CBG (Compressed Biogas) sector at a pan-India level.
- Primary objective: To streamline the process of setting up CBG/Biogas plants in the country.
- It allows any government, cooperative or private entity operating or intending to set up a Biogas/CBG/Bio-CNG in India to obtain a registration number by enrolling in the portal.
- This registration number will enable them to avail a multitude of benefits and support from the Ministries and Departments of the Government of India.
Key Facts about GOBARdhan Scheme:
- Galvanizing Organic Bio-Agro Resources Dhan is a crucial umbrella initiative of the Government of India.
- The government launched the Gobardhan scheme in 2018 as a national priority project under the Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen-Phase II program.
- To generate wealth and energy by converting cattle dung, agricultural residue, and other organic waste into Biogas, CBG and bio-fertilizers.
- It adopts a whole-of-government approach and aims to convert waste into wealth, thereby promoting a circular economy.
- Nodal Ministry: The Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Ministry of Jal Shakti.
Q1) What is Biogas?
Biogas is a type of renewable energy produced through the anaerobic (in the absence of oxygen) digestion of organic matter by microorganisms. The main components of biogas are methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2), with trace amounts of other gases such as nitrogen, hydrogen, and hydrogen sulfide. The production of biogas occurs naturally in environments like marshes and landfills, where organic waste decomposes in anaerobic conditions.