What is the Intergovernmental Negotiations framework (IGN)?

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Overview:

President of the 77th session of the United Nations General Assembly recently said the first segments of the UN Intergovernmental Negotiations framework (IGN) meetings are now webcast and a dedicated website on Security Council reform has been established.

About Intergovernmental Negotiations Framework (IGN):

 

  • IGN is a group of nation-states working within the UN to further reform the United Nations Security Council (UNSC).
  • Composition: The IGN is composed of several different international organizations, namely:
    • The African Union;
    • The G4 nations (India, along with Brazil, Japan and Germany are pressing for a permanent seat in the reformed UNSC);
    • The Uniting for Consensus Group (UfC), also known as the "Coffee Club";
    • The L.69 Group of Developing Countries;
    • The Arab League; and
    • The Caribbean Community (CARICOM).
  • Each group represents a different set of positions vis-a-vis reforming the UNSC.
  • The group's conversations are considered "informal" in nature due to the lack of single text and thus, UNGA rules of procedure don't apply. 
  • But in 2015, a framework document was agreed when it comes to the reform, which can be the basis for future talks.

 

What is the United Nations Security Council (UNSC)?

  • The United Nations Charter established six main organs of the United Nations, including the UN Security Council (UNSC).
  • UNSC has the primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security.
  • Under the UN Charter, all Member States are obligated to comply with Council decisions.
  • The Security Council has a permanent residence at the United Nations Headquarters in New York City.
  • Powers:
    • Establishment of peacekeeping operations.
    • Establishment of international sanctions.
    • Authorization of military action through Security Council resolutions.
  • Members:
    • The U.N. Charter provides for 15 members on the UNSC:
    • 5 permanent members known as P5, including United Kingdom, China, France, Russia and the US. They have veto power over decisions of the UNSC.
    • 10 non-permanent members. Each year the 193-member General Assembly elects five non-permanent members for a two-year term at the UNSC.

 


Q1) What is the United Nations Security Council (UNSC)?

The United Nations Charter established six main organs of the United Nations, including the UN Security Council (UNSC).  UNSC has the primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. Under the UN Charter, all Member States are obligated to comply with Council decisions.

Source: First segment of UN Intergovernmental Negotiations framework meetings now webcast: UNGA President