What is the International Telecommunication Union (ITU)?

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Overview:

The Prime Minister will inaugurate the new International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Area office and Innovation Centre at a programme in Delhi's Vigyan Bhawan.

About International Telecommunication Union (ITU):

  • It is the United Nations specialized agency for information and communication technologies.
  • It is an intergovernmental organization that coordinates between governments and private sector bodies with respect to global telecommunication and information communication technology (ICT) services.
  • It was established in 1865  as International Telegraph Union.
  • In 1947 the ITU became a specialized agency of the United Nations.
  • Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Membership: It has a membership of 193 countries and nearly 800 private sector entities and academic institutions.
  • Functions:
    • allocate global radio spectrum and satellite orbits;
    • coordination and setting of technical standards related to telecommunication/ICT;
    • strive to improve access to ICTs in underserved communities worldwide;
  • India and ITU: India has been an active member of the ITU since 1869 and has been a regular member of the ITU Council since 1952.

ITU Area office and Innovation Centre:

  • The Area Office, which is fully funded by India, is located on the second floor of the Centre for Development of Telematics (C-DoT) building at Mehrauli in New Delhi.
  • It will serve India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Afghanistan, and Iran.
  • It will enhance coordination among nations and foster mutually beneficial economic cooperation in the region.

 


Q1) What is the radio spectrum?

Radio spectrum is the part of the electromagnetic spectrum ranging from 1 Hz to 3000 GHz (3 THz). Electromagnetic waves in this frequency range, called radio waves, have become widely used in modern technology, particularly in telecommunication.

Source: PM Modi to inaugurate ITU Area Office, launch 'Call before u dig' App today