What is the Law Commission of India?

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What is the Law Commission of India? Blog Image


The Union Cabinet recently extended the term of the 22nd Law Commission by one-and-a-half years.

About Law Commission:

  • The Law Commission of India is a non-statutory body constituted by the Government of India from time to time.
  • It functions to the Ministry of Law and Justice as an advisory body.
  • History:
  1. The first Law Commission was established during the British Raj era in 1834 by the Charter Act of 1833 and was chaired by Lord Macaulay.
  2. In 1955, the first independent Law Commission was created.
  • Objective: To carry out research in the field of law and makes recommendations to the Government (in the form of Reports) as per its terms of reference.
  • The commission's recommendations are not binding on the Government. 
  • The Law Commission has so far submitted 277 Reports.
  • The commission consists of legal experts and is headed by a retired judge
  • The Commission is constituted for a fixed tenure.




Q1) What is the mandate of 22nd Law Commission of India?

22nd Law Commission is mandated to identify laws which are “no longer relevant” and recommend for their repeal. According to an official release, the term of the panel has been extended up to August 31, 2024.

Source: Term of 22nd Law Commission extended till August, 2024