What is the Lunar Polar Exploration Mission (LUPEX)?

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What is the Lunar Polar Exploration Mission (LUPEX)? Blog Image


The India-Japan partnership for their joint moon mission, Lunar Polar Exploration Mission (LUPEX), is likely to take flight in a few years, the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) said in an interview recently.

About Lunar Polar Exploration Mission (LUPEX):

  • It is a collaborative endeavor between ISRO and Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA).
  • The mission is scheduled to launch in 2025.
  • This mission will take off aboard Japan’s H3 rocket.
  • Primary Goal: To explore the moon’s southern polar region, investigating the presence of water and other elements, potentially in the form of surface ice.
  • It aims to showcase innovative surface exploration technologies. The special focus is on vehicular transport and lunar night survival.
  • It features both a lander and a rover. JAXA is responsible for developing and operating the rover, and ISRO for developing and operating the lander that will carry the rover.
    • The rover will drive on its own to search for areas where water is likely to be present and sample the soil by digging into the ground with a drill.
    • The plan is to acquire data by analyzing the collected samples in detail with observation equipment mounted on the rover.
    • The rover will be equipped with instruments for measuring the water content of regolith (lunar sand), drilling, and sampling, as well as with other world-first and world-leading technologies for the driving system and batteries.
    • The rover will carry not only the instruments of ISRO and JAXA but also those of the US space agency NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA).

Q1: What is Chandrayaan 3 Mission?

Chandrayaan-3 Mission is the second attempt of the ISRO after the Chandrayaan-2 to demonstrate the capability of India in safe landing and roving on the lunar surface. The Lander Module of Chandrayaan-3 carrying the Lander, Vikram and Rover, Pragyan, made the historic soft landing on the surface of the Lunar South Pole on August 23, 2023. Thus, India became the first nation to soft-land on the surface of the Lunar south pole and overall the fourth to do a soft landing anywhere on the Earth’s natural satellite. Indian Space Research Organisation launched the Chandrayaan-3 Mission by using the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III (LVM3) on 14th July 2023 from Sriharikota.

Source: Mission with India to search for water on moon is on track, launch in few years — Japan space agency