What is Zero FIR?

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Recently, in Manipur violence incidents nearly 30% of First Information Reports (FIRs) were ‘zero FIRs’, filed suo-motu by the police irrespective of jurisdiction.

About Zero FIR:


  • What is it? It refers to an FIR that is registered irrespective of the area where the offense is committed.
  • The police in such a case can no longer claim that they have no jurisdiction.
  • Such an FIR is then later transferred to the police station that has the actual jurisdiction so that the investigation can begin.
  • It was introduced on the recommendation of the Justice Verma Committee formed at the backdrop of the brutal Nirbhaya gang rape in Delhi in 2012.
  • This puts a legal obligation on the police to begin an investigation and take quick action without the excuse of the absence of jurisdiction.


What is a first information report (FIR)?

  • It is the information given to a police officer in writing as per the provisions of Section 154 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC).
  • From the point of view of an informant, the main purpose of an FIR is to set criminal law into motion.
  • While for the police, the main purpose of an FIR is to obtain information about alleged criminal activity and take necessary steps to produce the perpetrator(s) before a court.


The objective of a Zero FIR

  • To avoid delay and any other kind of disruptions.
  • To make police bound to take the jurisdiction.
  • Timely jurisdiction is to be taken immediately after the registration of the FIR.
  • To make sure that the investigation is done properly.
  • To enable the case to proceed fast.


Q1) What is CrPC?

The Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) is a legislation that outlines the procedures and processes to be followed in criminal cases within the jurisdiction of a particular country or state. It sets out the framework for the investigation, trial, and punishment of criminal offenses.

Source: Tribal safety concerns lead to many ‘zero FIRs’ in Manipur; Kukis allege police bias