Where is Lake Chad Basin?

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Where is Lake Chad Basin? Blog Image


According to a report published by Refugees International, shrinking natural resources due to adverse weather are raising tensions across communities and displacing people of the Lake Chad region.

About Lake Chad Basin

  • Lake Chad is located in the Sahel, the vast semi-arid region south of the Sahara Desert.
  • It is bordered by 4 countries - Chad, Cameroon, Niger and Nigeria.
  • Source of the Lake: It is fed mainly by the Chari River through the Lagone tributary.
  • The Lagone tributary used to provide 90 % of its water.
  • Significance of the Lake: The Lake is vital for indigenous, pastoral and farming communities in these countries.
  • The lake has been supporting drinking water, irrigation, fishing, livestock and economic activity for over 30 million people in the region.
  • The Lake Chad basin in west and central Africa covers 8% of the African continent and is home to 42 million people.

What are issues in the Lake Basin Region?

  • Lake Chad has shrunk by 90% in 60 years, and climate change is a significant contributor.
  • A 13-year insurgency of the Boko Haram extremist group and other militant groups has destabilized .


Q1) What is Sahel Region?

Lake Chad basin and the wider Sahel region.The Sahel is a semiarid region of western and north-central Africa extending from Senegal eastward to Sudan. It forms a transitional zone between the arid Sahara (desert) to the north and the belt of humid savannas to the south.

Source: Climate change fuelling conflict in Lake Chad Basin: Report