Temperatures plunged to minus 50 degrees Celsius (-58 Fahrenheit) recently in Russia's Yakutsk during an abnormally long cold snap in the Siberian city known as the coldest on earth.
About Yakutsk City
- Yakutsk city is located 5,000 km (3,100 miles) east of Moscow on the permafrost of the Russian Far East.
- Yakutsk is the capital city of the Sakha Republic, Russia.
- The city is about 450 km to the south of the Arctic Circle.
- The temperature of this city often drops below minus 40.
- While Yakutsk holds the record as the world's coldest city, it is also the one with the greatest variation in temperature.
What is permafrost?
- Permafrost is any ground that remains completely frozen—32°F (0°C) or colder—for at least two years straight.
- Permafrost is made of a combination of soil, rocks and sand that are held together by ice.
- The soil and ice in permafrost stay frozen all year long.
- Permafrost can be found on land and below the ocean floor.
- These permanently frozen grounds are most common in regions with high mountains and in Earth’s higher latitudes—near the North and South Poles.
Q1) Which is the world’s coldest city?
Yakutsk city is located on the Russian Far East holds the record as the world's coldest city.