By studying juniper timbers, researchers from Cornell University & Cyprus Institute found that series of droughts may have precipitated Hittite empire's collapse.
- Hittites, were members of an ancient Indo-European people who appeared in Anatolia (also known as Asia Minor, modern-day Turkey )at the beginning of the 2nd millennium BCE.
- The Hittite language was a member of the Anatolian branch of the Indo-European language family.
- The Hittite economy was based on agriculture, with the main crops being emmer wheat and barley.
- Although their civilization thrived during the Bronze Age, the Hittites were the forerunners of the Iron Age and were manufacturing iron artifacts from as early as the 14th century BCE.
- The Hittites were famous for their skill in building and using chariots.
- Between 1400 and 1200 B.C.E. the Hittites established one of the great empires of the ancient Middle East.
- The Hittite empire, with its capital at Bogazköy (also called as Hattusas), was the chief power and cultural force in Western Asia from 1400 to 1200 BC.
- The head of the Hittite state was the king, but other officials exercised independent authority over various branches of the government.
- After c. 1180 BCE, the empire came to an end during the Bronze Age collapse and splintered into several independent “Neo-Hittite” city-states, some of which survived until the 8th century BCE.
Q1) Where is the importance of Anatolia?
Because of its location at the point where the continents of Asia and Europe meet, Anatolia was, from the beginnings of civilization, a crossroads for numerous peoples migrating or conquering from either continent.