About Yanomami people:
- The Yanomami tribe is a group of indigenous people who live in an area spanning the border region between Venezuela (Orinoco River basin) and Brazil.
- They are also called South American Indians.
- They speak the Xirianá language.
- Economy and Occupation: They are foraging horticulturists who depend on shifting cultivation, the gathering of fruits, banana cultivation, hunting, etc., for their livelihood.
Who is Davi Kopenawa Yanomami?
- He is known as the ‘Dalai Lama of the Rainforest’.
- He was the recipient of the Right to Livelihood Award in Stockholm in Sweden (also called the Alternative Nobel Prize).
- He is well known for leading the 20-year campaign of the Yanomami people to protect their traditional lands which is the largest rainforest area under indigenous control in the world.
Q1) What is horticulture?
Horticulture is the branch of plant agriculture dealing with garden crops, generally fruits, vegetables, and ornamental plants.