Who is Lord Mahavir?

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Mahavir Jayanti which marks the birth of Lord Mahavir was recently celebrated.

About Lord Mahavir:

  • Lord Mahavir was the twenty-fourth and the last Tirthankara of the Jain religion.
  • He was born in 599 B.C. as a prince in Bihar, India.
  • At the age of 30, he left his family and royal household, gave up his worldly possessions, including clothing and become a monk.
  • He organized his followers, into a four fold order, namely monk (Sadhu), nun (Sadhvi), layman (Shravak), and laywoman (Shravika). Later on they are known as Jains.
  • The ultimate objective of his teaching is how one can attain the total freedom from the cycle of birth, life, pain, misery, and death, and achieve the permanent blissful state of one's self. This is also known as liberation, nirvana, absolute freedom, or Moksha.
  • He explained that from eternity, every living being (soul) is in bondage of karmic atoms, that are accumulated by its own good or bad deeds. 
  • He preached that right faith (samyak-darshana), right knowledge (samyak-jnana), and right conduct (samyak-charitra) together will help attain the liberation of one's self.

Who are Tirthankaras?

  • In Jainism, those who have conquered their passions are called Jins.
  • Those Jins who have founded religious orders are called Tirthankaras.


Q1) What is Jainism?

Jainism is one of the three most ancient religions of India, with roots that go back to at least the mid-first century B.C.E. Today, it is still an integral part of Indian culture. Jainism teaches that the path to enlightenment is through nonviolence and reducing harm to living things (including plants and animals) as much as possible.