### Overview:

#### An ancient Babylonian tablet displaying a concept predating Pythagoras by over a millennium suggests the Pythagorean theorem could be the world's oldest known case of plagiarism.

**About Pythagoras**

- Pythagoras was a
**Greek philosopher and mathematician.** - Pythagoras lived during the
**6th century B.C**. on the**island of Samos, Greece.** - He is commonly said to be the
**first pure mathematician who proposed that everything is a number.** - He is best known in the modern day for the
**Pythagorean Theorem**.

**Pythagoras’ Theorem**

- It states that
**in a right-angled triangle, the square of the length of the hypotenuse**(the side opposite the right angle)**is equal to the sum of the squares of the lengths of the other two sides.** - This formula has been
**applied to measuring distance and space**as, for example, in planning and executing the construction of a building.

**Pythagorean Brotherhood**

- Pythagoras founded
**a secretive**religious and philosophical community known as the Pythagorean Brotherhood. - The
**members, known as Pythagoreans**, followed a**strict set of rules and beliefs,**including the**idea that mathematics and numbers held mystical and spiritual significance.** - It was here he
**taught that "the whole cosmos is a scale and a number**.

### Q1: What is Babylonia?

Babylonia was an ancient kingdom located in Mesopotamia, in what is now modern-day Iraq. It was one of the most prominent and influential civilizations of the ancient Near East, with a rich history that spanned several millennia. The city of Babylon was founded more than 4,000 years ago as a small port town on the Euphrates River.

**Source: **__Pythagoras did not discover famed theorem! Babylonian tablet unearths plagiarism__