Wildlife Crime Control Bureau

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Recently, the Wildlife Crime Control Bureau (WCCB) has issued a ‘red alert’ directing the authorities to visit all tiger reserves.

About Wildlife Crime Control Bureau:


  • It is a statutory multi-disciplinary body established by the Government of India to combat organized wildlife crime in the country.
  • It was constituted by amending  the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972.
  • Nodal Ministry: The Ministry of Environment and Forests.
  • Headquarter: New Delhi
  • Mandate: Under the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972it is mandated to
    • To collect and collate intelligence related to organized wildlife crime activities and to disseminate the same to State and other enforcement agencies for immediate action so as to apprehend the criminals.
    • To establish a centralized wildlife crime data bank.
    • To assist foreign authorities and international organization concerned to facilitate co-ordination and universal action for wildlife crime control.
    • In capacity building of the wildlife crime enforcement agencies for scientific and professional investigation into wildlife crimes and assist State Governments to ensure success in prosecutions related to wildlife crimes;
    • It advises the Government of India on issues relating to wildlife crimes having national and international ramifications, relevant policy and laws.
    • It also assists and advises the Customs authorities in inspection of the consignments of flora & fauna as per the provisions of Wild Life Protection Act, CITES and EXIM Policy governing such an item.
  • It has developed an online Wildlife Crime Database Management System to get real time data in order to help analyze trends in crime and devise effective measures to prevent and detect wildlife crimes across India.
  • This system has been successfully used to analyse trends, helping put in preventive measures as well as for successfully carrying out operations such as Operation SAVE KURMA, THUNDERBIRD, WILDNET, LESKNOW, BIRBIL, THUNDERSTORM, LESKNOW-II


Q1) What is The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972?

The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 is an important legislation in India that provides for the protection of wildlife and the conservation of their habitats. It was enacted with the objective of preserving the diverse wildlife resources of the country and preventing their exploitation.

Source: Wildlife Bureau issues ‘red alert’ against poachers, hunters in all tiger reserves