World Coffee Conference

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Overview:

Bengaluru is all set to host the fifth edition of the World Coffee Conference (WCC 2023) between September 25 and 28.

About World Coffee Conference

 

  • It is the first time India is hosting the conference.
  • The earlier editions of WCC were held in London (2001), Brazil (2005), Guatemala (2010), and Ethiopia (2016).
  • The event, to be jointly organised by the Coffee Board, the Ministry of Commerce and Industry and International Coffee Organisation.
  • Mascot of the conference: Coffee Swami
  • Theme:  Sustainability through Circular Economy and Regenerative Agriculture.

 

Key facts about International Coffee Organisation

  • It is a body set up in 1963 under the auspices of the United Nations to boost the economic importance of coffee globally.
  • It is the only inter-governmental organisation for coffee and represents 93% of world coffee production and 63% of world consumption. 
  • India is a member of this organisation.

 

Key facts about Coffee cultivation

  • The vast majority of the world’s coffee comprises two species — Coffea Arabica (Arabica) and Coffea Canephora (Robusta).
  • Climatic conditions required for coffee production
    • Climate: Hot and humid climate for its growth.
    • Temperature: Ranging between 15°C and 28 °C
    • Rainfall: 150 to 250 cm.
    • Soil: Well-drained, loamy soil containing a good deal of humus and minerals like iron and calcium are ideal for coffee cultivation.
    • It is generally grown under shady trees.
    • Dry weather is necessary at the time of ripening of the berries.
    • It is grown on hill slopes at elevations from 600 to 1,600 metres above sea level.
  • Coffee growing states in India: Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Odisha, among which, Karnataka produces the most with over 70% of the total output.

 


Q1) What is a circular economy?

The circular economy is an economic model that aims to create a more sustainable and environmentally friendly system by minimizing waste, maximizing resource efficiency, and promoting the continual use and recycling of materials and products.

Source: For the first time in Asia, World Coffee Conference to be held in Bengaluru