World Leprosy Day

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Overview:

World Leprosy Day is observed on the last Sunday of January every year.

About World Leprosy Day

  • In India, it is observed on 30th January every year, coinciding with the death anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.   
  • The theme of World Leprosy Day 2023 is “Act Now. End Leprosy.

 

Key facts about Leprosy

  • It is a chronic infectious disease caused by a type of bacteria, Mycobacterium leprae.
  • The disease predominantly affects the skin and peripheral nerves if left untreated, the disease may cause progressive and permanent disabilities.
  • Transmission: The bacteria are transmitted via droplets from the nose and mouth during close and frequent contact with untreated cases.
  • The majority of annual new case detections are from South-East Asia.
  • It is a neglected tropical disease (NTD) which still occurs in more than 120 countries, with more than 200 000 new cases reported each year.

 

India’s Initiatives related to Leprosy

  • The Government launched National Leprosy Eradication Programme (NLEP) to make India leprosy free. 
  • It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme under the umbrella of the National Health Mission (NHM). 
  • It is implemented in all the States/UTs.

 

Global Initiatives related to Leprosy

World Health Organisation: The Global Leprosy Strategy 2021–2030 “Towards zero leprosy” was developed through a broad consultative process with all major stakeholders during 2019 and 2020.

 


Q1) What is the objective National Health Mission?

This mission envisages the achievement of universal access to equitable, affordable & quality healthcare services that are accountable and responsive to people's needs.

Source: World Leprosy Day 2023: Know about this chronic infectious disease, its symptoms, and treatment.