World Meteorological Organization

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The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) has issued a stark warning, stating that sea levels around Pacific Islands are rising at a rate of about 4 mm per year, slightly above the global average.

Key points of State of the Climate in the South-West Pacific 2022 report: 


  • The sea level rise threatens low-lying islands such as Tuvalu and the Solomon Islands, which could face devastating floods over time, leading to the destruction of agricultural lands and habitable areas.
  • The report also highlighted the occurrence of marine heatwaves in a large area northeast of Australia and south of Papua New Guinea over a period of more than six months.
  • These heatwaves have had a significant impact on marine life and the livelihoods of local communities.
  • Despite a decrease in the number of reported disaster weather events compared to 2021, the economic losses due to flooding and weather events have increased.


About World Meteorological Organization

  • It is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN).
  • It is the UN system's authoritative voice on the state and behavior of the Earth's atmosphere, its interaction with the oceans, the climate it produces, and the resulting distribution of water resources.
  • It originated from the International Meteorological Organization (IMO), which was founded in 1873. 
  • Established in 1950, WMO became the specialized agency of the UN for meteorology (weather and climate), operational hydrology and related geophysical sciences.
  • Headquarters:  Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Currently it has a membership of 191 countries.
  • Governance Structure:
    • Its supreme body is the World Meteorological Congress, which consists of representatives of all members. It meets at least every four years to set general policy and adopt regulations.
    • A 36-member Executive Council meets annually and implements policy.
    • The Secretariat, headed by a secretary-generalappointed by the congress for a four-year term, serves as the administrative centre of the organization.


Q1) What is heatwave?

A heatwave is a prolonged period of excessively hot weather, often accompanied by high levels of humidity. Heatwaves can have significant impacts on human health, ecosystems, agriculture, and various industries.

Source: Pacific islands face risk of drowning as sea levels rising faster than expected