Geology Optional for Indian Forest Service (IFoS) Exam

by Vajiram & Ravi

Date of Commencement

30th September 2023


Classroom / LIVE-Online (Hybrid)


Rs. 20,000 (Incl. GST)

Course Time

Admission Closed

Geology Optional for Indian Forest Service (IFoS) Exam

Geology Optional for Indian Forest Service (IFoS) Exam

Geology is a fascinating field of study that deals with the Earth's composition, structure, processes, and history. It plays a crucial role in various disciplines, including environmental science, forestry, and natural resource management. Recognizing its significance, the Indian Forest Service (IFoS) Exam provides geology as an optional subject for candidates appearing for the IFoS examination. 

Why Choose Geology as an Optional Subject?

  1. Relevance to Geology: Geology provides a deep understanding of the Earth's physical properties, natural resources, and geological processes. This knowledge is vital for effective forest management, as it helps in identifying suitable sites for afforestation, analysing soil composition, and assessing geological hazards.
  2. Interdisciplinary Approach: Geology bridges the gap between various scientific disciplines, making it an ideal choice for IFoS Exam aspirants. It combines elements of physics, chemistry, biology, and environmental science, enabling candidates to develop a holistic understanding of the Earth and its ecosystems.
  3. Career Opportunities: Geology offers diverse career opportunities, both within and outside the Indian Forest Service. Professionals with a background in geology can work in environmental consulting firms, geological surveys, research institutions, and academic organisations, contributing to sustainable resource management and environmental protection.

Pros of Geology as an Optional Subject

  1. Geology is a scoring subject due to its scientific and technical nature, with a focus on factual knowledge and little room for subjective interpretation. Previous year question papers and the use of diagrams enhance scoring potential.
  2. Geology has a static syllabus, making preparation simple and allowing effective use of previous year question papers.
  3. Geology is an excellent choice for candidates appearing in both IAS and IFoS exams, as it has a common syllabus for both.
  4. Geology overlaps with physical geography, benefiting candidates preparing for both IAS and IFoS exams.
  5. Candidates with a strong science foundation find geology relatively easy to master compared to physics and chemistry.
  6. Due to fewer candidates opting for geology, competition is lower, and scoring well increases the chances of qualification.
  7. Geology has a limited syllabus and requires less time for preparation with a clear understanding of basic concepts.

Syllabus for Geology Optional in the IoFS Examination

Geology Optional Paper 1 Syllabus:

  1. General Geology: Basic concepts of geology, Earth's interior, rocks and minerals, weathering, erosion, and transportation of sediments.
  2. Geomorphology and Remote Sensing: Study of landforms, their origin, and development. Remote sensing techniques and their applications in geology.
  3. Structural Geology: Analysis of rock structures, types of folds and faults, stress and strain, and tectonic processes.
  4. Palaeontology: Study of fossils, their formation, and significance in understanding Earth's history and evolution of life.
  5. Stratigraphy and Geology of India: Principles of stratigraphy, rock formations, geological time scale, and the geology of India with a focus on major rock units, minerals, and fossils.
  6. Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology: Study of groundwater occurrence, movement, and management. Application of geology in engineering projects, geotechnical investigations, and natural hazard assessment.


Geology Optional Paper 2 Syllabus:

  1. Mineralogy: Identification, classification, and properties of minerals, crystallography, and mineral associations.
  2. Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology: Study of igneous rocks, their classification, origin, and processes of formation. Metamorphic rocks and their textures, mineral assemblages, and metamorphic processes.
  3. Sedimentology: Examination of sedimentary rocks, their classification, depositional environments, and processes. Study of sedimentary structures and fossils.
  4. Economic Geology: Exploration, extraction, and utilisation of mineral and energy resources. Study of ore deposits, mineral economics, and sustainable resource management.
  5. Mining Geology: Principles of mining, mine planning, and mineral extraction methods. Environmental aspects of mining and mitigation measures.
  6. Geochemistry and Environmental Geology: Chemical composition and processes in Earth materials. Environmental geology, natural hazards, environmental impact assessment, and remediation measures.


  • Class starts on 30th September and ends by 1st November.
  • 3 Days a week – Saturday, Sunday & Monday
  • Class timing: 07.30 AM to 1.30 PM with 30 min break Offline cum hybrid class in both Chennai and Delhi.
  • Classes available in offline, online and hybrid mode.
  • Classroom Program schedule is inclusive of tests (4+2) and daily answer writing practice.
  • Class will cover both core Geology topics and enable one to the dynamic pattern change of UPSC Geology question paper of last 3 years.
  • Impart the Skill of writing science optional papers.
  • Strengthening the subject knowledge and interlinking the subjects.

Test schedule for classroom program

  • Total of 6 tests. 4 sectional tests and 2 full tests.
  • All tests answer paper will be evaluated and feedback will be provided within the timeline of maximum 10 days from the date of your submission.
  • Students can write the test up to 3 days from the scheduled date.
  • Test discussion by the optional faculty through recorded video.
  • One on one discussion and mentoring either personally or via call whenever required.

Daily answer writing schedule

  • Impart the Skill of writing science optional papers.
  • Strengthening the subject knowledge and interlinking the subjects.
  • Daily answer writing starts on 01st November and ends on 20th November 2023.


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