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Law Optional Test Series

by Vajiram & Ravi

Date of Commencement

23rd June 2024




Rs. 15,000 (Incl. GST)

Law Optional Test Series

Law Optional

Choosing Law as an optional subject for the UPSC Mains is a strategic decision, highly beneficial for both law graduates and non-law graduates. Our Law Optional Test Series offers a well-organized and systematic approach to covering the entire Law syllabus, ensuring that aspirants are well-prepared for the exam. 

Regular tests and feedback help reinforce key concepts and facilitate quick revision of the syllabus. Unlike university exams, UPSC requires a specific style of writing. Our series helps bridge this gap, teaching candidates to write answers that meet UPSC standards. One-on-one sessions with faculty provide personalized feedback, helping candidates improve their answers incrementally. The test series ensures that the syllabus is covered comprehensively within a stipulated time frame, reducing the need for additional study materials. 

By joining our Law Optional Test Series under the guidance of Mr. Aditya Tiwari, candidates can gain a deeper understanding of the subject, refine their answer writing skills, and enhance their chances of scoring high in the UPSC Mains. Whether you are a law graduate or a non-law graduate, our test series is designed to help you achieve success in the Civil Services Examination.


  • No of tests: 12 ( 8 Sectional and 4 Full Length).
  • Questions will be based on the UPSC CSE pattern and curated by highly experienced faculty members. 
  • Evaluation based on One to one mode of Copy Checking over Zoom with Mr.Aditya Tiwari Sir
  • Detail feedback in copy evaluation
  • Tests discussion by the faculty.
  • An extensive model answer key document will be provided for each test.
  • Students can write the tests at Vajiram & Ravi’s Delhi and Chennai centre. Students can also appear for the tests in online mode.
  • Tests will be held on Sundays. In case of any change of tests date, the same will be informed to the student through the portal.
  • Students can write the exam up to one week from the scheduled date. Submission after deadline is not entertained.
  • Answer sheets and feedback will be provided within the timeline of maximum of 10 days from the date of your submission.

Detailed Schedule

123rd June 2024

1. Constitution and Constitutionalism: The distinctive features of the Constitution.

2. Fundamental Rights—Public interest litigation; Legal Aid; Legal services authority.

3. Relationship between Fundamental rights, Directive principles and Fundamental duties.

4. Constitutional Position of the President and relation with the Council of Ministers.

5. Governor and his powers.

6. Supreme Court and the High Courts: (a) Appointments and transfers. (b) Powers, functions and jurisdiction.

7. Centre, States and Local Bodies;

(a) Distribution of legislative powers between the Union and the States.

(b) Local Bodies.

(c) Administrative relationship among Union, State and Local Bodies.

(d) Eminent domain - State property-common property- community property.

8. Legislative powers, privileges and immunities.

230th June 2024

1. Services under the Union and the States:

(a) Recruitment and conditions of services; Constitutional safeguards; Administrative tribunals. 
(b) Union Public Service Commission and State Public Service Commissions—Power and functions. 
(c) Election Commission—Power and functions.

2. Emergency provisions.

3. Amendment of the Constitution.

4. Principle of Natural Justice—Emerging trends and judicial approach.

5. Delegated legislation and its constitutionality.

6. Separation of powers and constitutional governance.

7. Judicial review of administrative action. 8. Ombudsman: Lokayukta, Lokpal etc.

307th July 2024

1. Nature and Definition of International Law.

2. Relationship between International Law and Municipal Law.

3. State Recognition and State Succession.

4. Law of the sea: Inland Waters, Territorial Sea, Contiguous Zone, Continental Shelf, Exclusive Economic Zone and High Seas.

5. Individuals: Nationality, statelessness; Human Rights and procedures available for their enforcement.

6. Territorial jurisdiction of States, Extradition and Asylum.

7. Treaties: Formation, application, termination and reservation.

8. United Nations: Its principal organs, powers and functions and reform

414th July 2024

1. Peaceful settlement of disputes—different modes.

2. Lawful recourse to force: aggressions, self-defence, intervention.

3. Fundamental principles of international humanitarian law— International conventions and contemporary developments.

4. Legality of the use of nuclear weapons; ban on testing of nuclear weapons; Nuclear non-proliferation treaty, CTST.

5. International Terrorism, State sponsored terrorism, Hijacking, International Criminal Court.

6. New International Economic Order and Monetary Law: WTO, TRIPS, GATT, IMF, World Bank.

7. Protection and Improvement of the Human Environment: International Efforts.

521st July 2024

Law Of Crime

1. General principles of Criminal liability: mens rea and actus reus, mens rea in statutory offences.

2. Kinds of punishment and emerging trends as to abolition of capital punishment.

3. Preparations and criminal attempt.

4. General exceptions.

5. Joint and constructive liability.

6. Abetment.

7. Criminal conspiracy.

8. Offences against the State.

9. Offences against public tranquillity.

10. Offences against Human Body.

11. Offences against property

12. Offences against women.

13. Defamation.

14. Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988.

15. Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1955 and subsequent legislative developments.

16. Plea bargaining

628th July 2024

Law of Torts

1. Nature and definition.

2. Liability based upon fault and strict liability; Absolute liability.

3. Vicarious liability including State Liability.

4. General defences.

5. Joint tort fessors.

6. Remedies.

7. Negligence

8. Defamation.

9. Nuisance.

10. Conspiracy.

11. False imprisonment.

12. Malicious prosecution.

13. Consumer Protection Act, 1986

74th Aug 2024

Law of Contracts and Mercantile Law

1. Nature and formation of contract/E-contract.

2. Factors vitiating free consent.

3. Void, voidable, illegal and unenforceable agreements.

4. Performance and discharge of contracts.

5. Quasi-contracts.

6. Consequences of breach of contract.

7. Contract of indemnity, guarantee and insurance.

8. Contract of agency.

9. Sale of goods and hire purchase.

10. Formation and dissolution of partnership.

11. Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881.

12. Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996.

13. Standard form contracts.

811th Aug 2024

Contemporary Legal Developments

  1. Public Interest Litigation.
  2. Intellectual property rights—Concept, types/ prospects.
  3. Information Technology Law including Cyber Laws—Concept, purpose/prospects.
  4. Competition Law—Concept, purpose/prospects.
  5. Alternate Dispute Resolution—Concept, types/ prospects.
  6. Major statutes concerning environmental law.
  7. Right to Information Act. 8. Trial by media
918th Aug 2024Full Syllabus of paper- I (Part -A)
1025th Aug 2024Full Syllabus of paper- I (Part - B)
111st Sept 2024Full Syllabus of paper - II [Part - A]
128th Sep 2024Full Syllabus of paper - II [Part - B]


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