The question “Skill development programs have succeeded in increasing human resources supply to various sectors. In the context of the statement, analyze the linkages between education, skill and employment." was asked in the Mains 2023 GS Paper 2. Let us look at the model answer to this question.
Answer: According to the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE), over 100 million people have been trained through various skill development programs such as National Skill India Mission, PM Kaushal Vikas Yojana, etc. since 2015. This skilled human resource has contributed significantly to different sectors of the economy.
Linkages between Education, Skill and Employment:
- Education as a Foundation: Education forms the foundation of human capital development. It equips individuals with basic knowledge, literacy, and numeracy skills, which are essential for acquiring more advanced skills.
- The NEP 2020 framework emphasizes skill development, to foster deeper integration between higher education and vocational training
- Skill Development as a Bridge: Skill development programs bridge the gap between education and employment by providing specialized training and practical skills that are relevant to specific industries or job roles.
- Relevance to Employment: The skills and education acquired by an individual make him/her more employable by giving them the competencies needed to perform specific tasks and roles.
- Employability and Economic Growth: A skilled workforce enhances employability, which, in turn, contributes to higher levels of employment and reduced unemployment rates.
- The India Skill Report 2023 reveals improvement in overall employability among young people, increasing from 46.2 percent to 50.3 percent this year.
- Informed choices: Both education and skill development train an individual to make better choices regarding their work.
- Increase in wages: Education and skills enhance the economic efficiency of the workforce by increasing wages and their overall value of employment.
- Lifelong Learning: Education and skill development are not static; they are ongoing processes. Continuous learning and upskilling are necessary to adapt to evolving job requirements and technological advancements like the 4th Industrial revolution.
- Creating employment: Education and skills enable an individual to not just find job for himself/herself but also to create employment by engaging in entrepreneurial activities.
- Virtuous cycle: Education, skills and employment form a virtuous cycle where education and skills lead to better employment opportunities for individuals which in turn can lead to acquisition of better on job skills.
In summary, education serves as the foundation, skill development acts as the bridge, and employment is the ultimate outcome in the linkages between education, skill development, and employment. Governments, educational institutions, and industries must work together to ensure that education and skill development are aligned with the needs of the labour market, promoting a skilled and employable workforce.