About Barda Wildlife Sanctuary

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Overview:

In a significant move that is expected to boost the long-term conservation of Asiatic lions, the Forest Department in Gujarat has started translocating spotted deer and sambars from Gir Forest to the Barda Wildlife Sanctuary.

About Barda Wildlife Sanctuary: 

  • It is located in the state of Gujarat.
  • Rivers: There are two waterways, the Bileshvary River and the Joghri River, and two dams, Khambala and Fodara.
  • Ethnic races such as Maldharis, Bharvads, Rabaris, and Gadhvis live in this region.
  • To develop Barda as the second home for the Asiatic lion, the state government implemented the 'Gir-Barda Project' in 1979.
  • Flora: It is characteristically abundant in floral diversity, which consists of a good number of medicinal plants.
  • The sanctuary boasts about 650 plant species, which comprise Rayan, Babul, Ber, Jamun, Amli, Gorad, Bamboo, Dhav, Dhudhlo, etc
  • Fauna: Leopard, Hyena, Wild boar, wolf, Jackal, blue bull, rare and endangered spotted eagle, crested hawk eagle, etc.

Key facts about Asiatic lions

  • It is endemic to Gir landscape of Gujarat, the Asiatic Lion (Scientific name - Panthera leo persica) is one of five pantherine cats native to India.
  • Conservation status
    • IUCN Red List: Endangered
    • The Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972: Schedule I 
    • CITES : Appendix I

Q1: What is the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)?

The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) is a global organization that works to protect nature and ensure the sustainable use of natural resources. Founded in 1948, the IUCN is considered a global authority on the state of the natural world and the measures needed to protect it.

Source: As lions make Barda sanctuary their second home, Gujarat forest dept starts translocating deer from Gir to Porbandar