About Periyar Tiger Reserve

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The Periyar Tiger Reserve in Kerala is the country's best-maintained tiger reserve, according to the 5th cycle of Management Effectiveness Evaluation (MEE) carried out by the Centre.

About Periyar Tiger Reserve:

  • Location: It is located in the Western Ghats of Kerala.
  • It was declared a Tiger Reserve in 1978.
  • It gets its name from the River Periyar , which has its origin deep inside the reserve.
  • Two main rivers, Pamba and Periyar, drain the reserve.
  • It is home to many tribal communities , including the Mannans and the Palians.
  • Terrain: Hilly and undulating with a maximum altitude of 2016 m.
  • Vegetation: It consists of tropical evergreen, semi-evergreen and moist deciduous.
  • Flora:
    • There are more than 171 species of grasses.
    • Important flora includes teak, mangoes, rosewood, jamun, jacarandas, terminalias, tamarind, royal ponciana, bamboos etc.
  • Fauna:
    • Includes Elephants, Wild Pigs, Sambar, Gaur, Mouse Deer, Dole or Barking Deer, Indian Wild Dog and Tiger.
    • The major four species of primates are also found at Periyar - the rare lion-tailed macaque, the Nilgiri Langur, Gee's Golden Langur, Common Langur and Bonnet Macaque.
    • It Is also being considered the habitat of the elusive Nilgiri Tahr.


Q1) What is Project Tiger?

The Govt. of India had launched “Project Tiger” on 1st April 1973 to promote conservation of the tiger. Project Tiger has been the largest species conservation initiative of its kind in the world.

Source: Periyar Tiger Reserve gets top rank in management review, none ‘poor’