World Environment Day is being celebrated across the globe on June 5 every year.
About World Environment Day:
- It is observed on the 5th of June every year since 1973 as part of the United Nations Environment Programme to build awareness to save life on planet Earth.
- The event has been led by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) since its inception in 1973.
- The theme of this year's World Environment Day will focus on solutions to plastic pollution under the campaign #BeatPlasticPollution.
- This year’s event is hosted by Côte d'Ivoire in partnership with the Netherlands.
Key facts about United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP):
- It is the leading global authority on the environment.
- Mission: To inspire, inform, and enable nations and peoples to improve their quality of life without compromising that of future generations.
- It is driving transformational change by drilling down on the root causes of the triple planetary crisis of climate change, nature and biodiversity loss and pollution.
- Headquarters: Nairobi, Kenya.
- Reports published by UNEP: Emission Gap Report, Global Environment Outlook, Frontiers, Invest into Healthy Planet.
- It provides secretariat functions for numerous multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) and other entities as follows:
- Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
- Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora(CITES)
- Minamata Convention on Mercury
- Basel, Rotterdam and Stockholm Conventions
- Vienna Convention for the Protection of Ozone Layer and the Montreal Protocol
- Convention on Migratory Species
Q1) What is the Convention on Biological Diversity?
The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is an international treaty established to address the conservation of biodiversity, sustainable use of its components, and equitable sharing of benefits derived from genetic resources.