Anak Krakatau volcano

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Recently, Indonesia’s Anak Krakatau volcano has erupted, spewing ash as high as 3 kilometres into the air.

About Anak Krakatau volcano:

  • This volcano island is located in Indonesia’s Sunda Strait between the main Java and Sumatra islands.
  • Anak Krakatau, which means “child of Kratakau,” is the offspring of the famous Krakatau, whose monumental eruption in 1883 triggered a period of global cooling.
  • It was the longest eruption since the explosive collapse of the mountain caused a deadly tsunami in 2018

Key facts about the Sunda Strait

  • The Sunda Strait is the strait between the Indonesian islands of Java and Sumatra.
  • It connects the Java Sea to the Indian Ocean.
  • Numerous volcanic islands lie in the strait.


Q1) What is volcano?

A volcano is a geological feature on the Earth's surface that occurs when molten rock, known as magma, rises to the surface. Volcanoes are often characterized by a conical or mountainous shape and can exhibit explosive or effusive eruptions.

Source: Indonesia’s Anak Krakatau volcano spews ash, and lava in new eruption