Recently, unique, prehistoric rock art drawings have been discovered in the Andriamamelo Cave in western Madagascar.
About Andriamamelo Cave
- It is situated in the western Madagascar.
- It is located in karstified limestone of the Paysage Harmonieux Protege de Beanka.
- This is part of an extensive karst region that includes the Parc National de Bemaraha to the south, a UNESCO World Heritage site, and the little-studied Antsingimavo karst area to the north.
- In this cave truly pictorial art, depicting images of nature with human-like and animal-like figures have been discovered.
- The dramatic discoveries contained several surprises, including hints at some remarkable cultural connections.
- First, scenes depicted in some cases linked up fairly directly to Egyptian religious motifs from the Ptolemaic period (300-30 BCE)
- Second, other inferences from symbols and writing on the walls showed connections to the Ethiopian and Afro-Arab worlds.
- Finally, prevalent symbology and motifs evoked a two-millennia-old cave art style from Borneo.
- At least three extinct animals of Madagascar (thought to have been extinct for many centuries) may be depicted – a giant sloth lemur, elephant birds and a giant tortoise.
- Egyptian connections are hinted at in eight major images, including a falcon (Horus); the bird-headed god Thoth; the ostrich goddess Ma`at and two human-animal figures which were similar to Anubis – an ancient Egyptian god usually depicted as a man with a canine head.
Q1) What is Karst topography?
It refers to natural landscape that is largely the result of chemical weathering by water, resulting in caves, sinkholes, cliffs, and steep-sided hills called towers. These features form when water picks up carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and ground to form carbonic acid.