About the Asiatic Water Snake:
- It is also known as the checkered keelback.
- It is a common species in the subfamily Natricinae of the family Colubridae.
- Habitat: It is primarily found in freshwater bodies like rivers, lakes, and ponds.
- It is semi-aquatic and rarely ventures far from water. They lead a solitary life and are active both during the day and at night.
- It is non-venomous and is generally considered harmless to humans.
- It is oviparous which means that they lay their eggs.
- Distribution: The species is endemic to Asia and found in countries like Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia etc,
- Conservation status:
- IUCN: Least concern
- CITES: Appendix III
- Wildlife Protection Act, 1972: Schedule II
Key Facts about the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972
- There are Six Schedules in this act. These Schedules give a different standard of protection.
- The Listed breeds and types of animals in Schedule I and Part II of Schedule II get supreme protection. Offences under these are prescribed the highest penalties.
- Example: Himalayan Brown Bear, Indian Elephant etc.
- The Listed breeds and types of animals in Schedule III and Schedule IV are also secured, but the penalties are comparatively much lower.
- Example: Barking Deer, Falcons, Kingfisher, Tortoise etc.
- Schedule V: Includes the animals which can be hunted.
- Examples: Common Crow, Mice, Rats, Fruit Bats etc.
- The plants, trees and crops mentioned in Schedule VI are banned from Cultivation and Planting.
- Examples: Kuth, Red Vanda, Pitcher Plant etc
Q1) What is IUCN?
International Union for Conservation of Nature is a membership Union uniquely composed of both government and civil society organisations. It provides public, private and non-governmental organisations with the knowledge and tools that enable human progress, economic development and nature conservation to take place together.