Artificial highlands where animals can escape during floods; 200+ anti-poaching camps; alternate livelihood training for local communities — these measures at the Kaziranga National Park in Assam will form the cornerstone of an Indo-French initiative.
What is Assam Project on Forest and biodiversity Conservation?
- The Kaziranga project is a part of a larger Assam Project on Forest and Biodiversity Conservation (APFBC) for which the Agence Française de Développement (AFD) has committed funding of €80.2 million for a 10-year period, between 2014-2024.
- The project conceptualised the reforestation of 33,500 hectares of land and the training of 10,000 community members in alternate livelihoods by 2024.
- APFBC Society was created by State Government of Assam as a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860.
- The Society has the mandate for planning, implementation, monitoring, coordination and management of all the activities proposed under the project.
- With French and Indian technical and financial support, the Indo-Pacific Parks Partnership will facilitate partnership activities for interested natural parks of the Indo-Pacific region. These activities include biodiversity conservation, wildlife management and engagement with local communities.
- Kaziranga National Park
- Located in the State of Assam it is the single largest undisturbed and representative area in the Brahmaputra Valley floodplain.
- It is inhabited by the world's largest population of one-horned rhinoceroses, as well as many mammals, including tigers, elephants, panthers and bears, and thousands of birds.
- Protection status:
- It was declared a national park in 1974.
- UNESCO declared it a world heritage site in 1985.
- It became a Tiger Reserve in 2006.
- It is also recognized as an ‘Important Bird Area’ by BirdLife International for the conservation of avifaunal species
Q1) Which is the largest and smallest national park in India?
Hemis National Park is the largest national park with an area of 4,400 km², while, South Button Island National Park is the smallest with an area of just 5.19 km².
Source: Indian Express