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Recently, the World Health Organization (WHO) has certified Belize as a malaria-free country.

About Belize: 

  • It is located on the northeast coast of Central America and south of the Yucatán Peninsula.
  • It has a land of mountains, swamps, and tropical jungle.
  • It is bounded by Mexico to the north, Guatemala to the west and south, and the Caribbean Sea to the east.
  • Geographical features
    • The southern half of the country is dominated by the rugged Maya Mountains, a plateau of igneous rock cut by erosion into hills and valleys that stretch in a southwesterly to northeasterly direction.
    • The northern half of the country consists of limestone lowlands and swamps less than 200 feet (60 metres) above sea level.
  • Along the coast of this country, there is  Belize Barrier Reef which is the second largest barrier reef in the world.
  • The reef reserve system was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1996.


Q1) What is a UNESCO World Heritage site?

It is a landmark, area, or structure that is recognized by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having outstanding universal value to humanity. These sites are selected based on their cultural, historical, scientific, or natural significance and are considered to be of exceptional importance to the world.

Source: Belize declared free from malaria by health chiefs