Why in News?
- The report highlighted that the number of bird counts increased but the diversity of species has decreased compared to last year. This year the Bhitarkanika National Park saw 140 species of birds compared to 144 last year
Key facts about Bhitarkanika National Park
- Bhitarkanika National Park is located in the Kendrapara district of Odisha.
- It is India’s second-largest mangrove ecosystem after the Sunderbans.
- This National Park is a network of creeks and canals which are inundated with waters from rivers Brahmani, Baitarani, Dhamra and Patasala forming a unique ecosystem.
- It is home to the largest congregation of endangered Salt Water Crocodiles in the country.
- The Gahirmatha Beach which forms the boundary of the sanctuary in the east is the largest colony of the Olive Ridley Sea Turtles.
- Bhitarkanika is also home to eight varieties of Kingfisher birds which is also a rarity.
Q1) What is special about the Gaharimata Beach?
It is very famous for its nesting beach for Olive Ridley Turtles.It is the one of worlds most important nesting beach for turtles. The Gahirmatha Marine Wildlife Sanctuary is the only marine sanctuary of Orissa