Black-necked Crane

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Recently, the union Minister of State for Environment, Forest and Climate Change informed the Lok Sabha about the important steps taken to protect Black-necked Crane by the government.

About Black-necked Crane: 

  • The Black-Necked Crane (Grus nigricollis) is classed as a medium-sized member of the crane family.
  • Habitat: The high altitude wetlands in the Tibetan plateau are the main breeding ground of the species. These wetlands with small mounds provide an excellent habitat to the birds for breeding.
  • Distribution: This species is found in India, China and Bhutan and breeds in high altitude wetlands in the Tibetan plateau at elevations of 2950-4900 m above mean sea level.
  • Threats: Habitat loss and degradation related to climate change, changes in agriculture practices, pollution and environmental contamination.


  • Conservation status
    • IUCN: Near Threatened
    • The Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972: Schedule I
    • CITES: Appendix I


  • The important steps taken by government of India to protect bird species include:
    • The important habitats of Black-necked Crane have been notified as Protected Areas, for example, Changthang Sanctuary, Ladakh.
    • The Tso Kar Wetlands Complex, an important foraging and breeding ground for Black-necked Crane, has been designated as a Ramsar Site in December 2020.
    • The National Wildlife Action Plan (2017-2031) released by the Ministry in October 2017 provides for specific Chapters and priority actions on various aspects of wildlife conservation.
    • The Central Government provides financial assistance to State/Union Territory Governments under the Centrally Sponsored Schemes ‘Development of Wildlife Habitats’ for management of wildlife and its habitat in the country.
    • The Government of India has initiated Mission LiFE (Lifestyle for Environment) programme, that aims to generate public awareness about the environment, and conservation. 

Q1:What is LiFE Mission?

Mission LiFE, or Lifestyle for Environment, is an India-led global mass movement to nudge individual and community action to protect and preserve the environment. It was launched by the Indian Prime Minister at the 26th UN Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP26) in Glasgow in November 2021.

Source:Black-necked Crane