Binsar Wildlife Sanctuary

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Overview:

A tiger was recently spotted for the first time at Binsar Wildlife Sanctuary.

About Binsar Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Location: It is located in the district of Almora in the Kumaon region of the state of Uttarakhand.
  • It was established in 1988. It was once the summer capital of the Chand dynasty, which ruled Kumaon from the 11th to the 18th centuries AD.
  • The sanctuary is named after Bindeshwar Mahadev Temple, an ancient Hindu rock temple dedicated to Lord Shiva, situated on the highest point of the sanctuary.
  • It covers a total area of around 45.59 sq km and is situated at an elevation of 2500 m.
  • It offers breathtaking panoramic views of snow-capped Himalayan peaks like Chaukhamba, Nanda Devi, Nanda Kot, Panchachuli, and Kedarnath. 
  • Flora:
    • It is dominated by rhododendrons and oaks at higher altitudes and pines at lower altitudes.
    • Binsar hosts 25 types of trees, 24 varieties of bushes, and seven kinds of grass.
  • Fauna:
    • It is home to wild boar, deer, monkey, black bear, porcupine, mountain goat, red fox, jackal, pine marten, leopards, 200 species of birds, and more.
    • BirdLife International has also declared this reserve an ‘Important Bird Area (IBA). Extremely rare species of birds like the Forktail and Blackbird can be spotted here.

Q1) What are rhododendrons?

They are a diverse genus of about 1,000 species of woody flowering plants in the heath family (Ericaceae), notable for their attractive flowers and handsome foliage.They are native to the temperate regions of Asia, North America, and Europe, as well as to the tropical regions of southeast Asia and northern Australia. 

Source: Uttarakhand's Binsar Wildlife Sanctuary Records First-Ever Tiger Sighting - Watch