Key facts about Cabo Verde

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Overview:

Recently, the World Health Organization (WHO) has certified Cabo Verde (also known as Cape Verde) as a malaria-free country.

Why in the news? 

  • Cabo Verde has become the third country to acquire the status in the global health organisation’s African region. The country has now joined Mauritius and Algeria, who were certified in 1973 and 2019, respectively.

About Cabo Verde

  • It is also known as Cape Verde which comprises a group of islands that lie off the west coast of Africa.
  • It is located nearby Senegal and is the nearest point on the continent. 
  • This volcanic archipelago includes ten islands and five islets, divided into the windward (Barlavento) and leeward (Sotavento) groups. 
  • Climate: Generally moderate, the climate is characterized by stable temperatures with extreme aridity. 
  • The terrain of the Cabo Verde islands varies from the geologically older, flatter islands in the east and the newer, more mountainous islands in the west. 
  • Population: The overwhelming majority of the population of Cabo Verde is of mixed European and African descent and is often referred to as mestiço or Crioulo.
  • Capital: Praia
  • Languages spoken: Portuguese and Cape Verdean Creole

Key facts about Malaria

  • It is a life-threatening disease caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes.
  • There are 5 parasite species that cause malaria in humans, and 2 of these species, Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax, pose the greatest threat.
  • It is common in tropical areas where it’s hot and humid. 
  • Children under 5 years of age are the most vulnerable group affected by malaria.
  • Symptoms: Fever and sweating,Chills Headache and muscle aches etc
  • Treatment: It is preventable and curable. With early treatment, most people with malaria will make a full recovery.

 Q1) What is an archipelago?

An archipelago is an area that contains a chain or group of islands scattered in lakes, rivers, or the ocean.

Source: WHO certifies Cabo Verde malaria-free; third African country to do so