Central Pollution Control Board

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The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) has spent only 20 percent of the environment protection charge and environmental compensation collected so far on mitigating air pollution in Delhi-NCR and protecting the environment.

About Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB)

  • It is a statutory organisation constituted in September 1974 under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974. 
  • Further, CPCB was entrusted with the powers and functions under the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.
  • It provides technical services to the Ministry of Environment, Forests, and Climate Change (MOEFCC) of the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986, and advises the Central Government on any matter concerning the prevention and control of water and air pollution and the improvement of the quality of air.
  • Principal Functions of the CPCB:
    • to promote the cleanliness of streams and wells in different areas of the States by prevention, control, and abatement of water pollution
    • to improve the quality of air and to prevent, control or abate air pollution in the country.
  • Standardization activity of CPCB:
    • CPCB lays down standards for streams or wells in consultation with the State Governments, and also lays down standards for the quality of air.
    • CPCB also prepares manuals, codes, and guidelines relating to the treatment and disposal of sewage and trade effluents, as well as for stack gas cleaning devices, stacks, and ducts. 
    • In general, the following nine categories of standards are developed by CPCB:
      • National ambient air quality
      • Water Quality Criteria from different sources
      • Standards for Emission or Discharge of Environmental Pollutants from various Industries (Issued under Environment Protection Rules, 1986)
      • Standards for Treatment and Disposal of Bio-Medical waste by Incineration
      • Guidelines for the disposal of Common Hazardous Wastes by Incineration
      • Emission norms for vehicles
      • Auto fuel quality
      • Emission standard, Noise limits for Diesel Engines
      • Emission & Noise Limit of LPG & CNG Generator Sets
    • Apart from the above, under the Comprehensive Industry Document Series (COINDS), CPCB also formulates the Minimal National Standards (MINAS) specific for various categories of industries with regards to their effluent discharge (water pollutants), emissions (air pollutants), noise levels, and solid waste. These standards are required to be adopted by State Governments as minimal standards.

Q1) What is the National Green Tribunal (NGT)?

The NGT has been established under the National Green Tribunal Act 2010, for effective and expeditious disposal of cases relating to environmental protection and conservation of forests and other natural resources including enforcement of any legal right relating to environment and giving relief and compensation for damages to persons and property and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. It is a specialized body equipped with the necessary expertise to handle environmental disputes involving multi-disciplinary issues.The Tribunal is mandated to make and endeavour for disposal of applications or appeals finally within 6 months of filing of the same. New Delhi is the Principal Place of Sitting of the Tribunal and Bhopal, Pune, Kolkata and Chennai shall be the other four place of sitting of the Tribunal.

Source: CPCB report to NGT shows 80 pc environmental funds remain unutilised