Chavin de Huantar

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Overview:

Recently, archaeologists working in Peru have uncovered a 3,000-year-old sealed corridor dubbed "the condor's passageway" that likely leads to other chambers inside what was once a massive temple complex pertaining to the ancient Chavin culture.

About Chavin de Huantar: 

 

  • It is Located around 190 miles (306 km) northeast of Lima, Peru.
  • The Chavin de Huantar archeological site is among the culture's most important centers, thriving from around 1,500-550 B.C.
  • It is one of the earliest and best-known pre-Columbian sites.
  • They date back to the first sedentary farming communities in the northern highlands of the Peruvian Andes, more than 2,000 years before the Inca Empire rose to power.
  • It served as the center of social, political, and religious activity in the Andean Highlands.
  • The Chavín people developed a culturally rich society with a complex religious hierarchy and an extensive trade network
  • The Chavin are well-known for their advanced art, often featuring depictions of birds and felines.
  • It is evident in the still breathtaking stone buildings, terraces and plazas embellished with anthropomorphic and zoomorphic bas-relief carvings.
  • It was declared as a UNESCO world heritage site in 1985.
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Q1) What is the Inca Empire?

The Inca Empire, also known as the Incan Empire or Tawantinsuyu, was the largest pre-Columbian civilization in the Americas. It existed in what is now modern-day Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia, Chile, and parts of Colombia and Argentina.

Source: At Peru temple site, archaeologists explore 3,000-year-old 'condor's passageway'