Key Facts about Dead Sea

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Key Facts about Dead Sea Blog Image


Iran-backed 'Islamic Resistance in Iraq' recently claimed an attack against an Israeli target on the Dead Sea Coastline.

About Dead Sea

  • The Dead Sea, also called the Salt Sea, is a salt lake bordering Jordan to the east and Israel to the west.
  • However, the western shore’s southern half belongs to Israel, while the shore’s northern half is in the West Bank, an area claimed by both Israel and Palestine. 
  • It lies to the east of the Mediterranean Sea and south of the Sea of Galilee.
  • It lies in the Jordan Rift Valley and is fed mainly by the Jordan River, which enters the lake from the north. 
  • It does not have an outlet, and so it loses its water mainly through evaporation.
  • Its surface and shores are 427 metres below sea level, Earth's lowest elevation on land. 
  • It is 306 m deep, the deepest hypersaline lake in the world.
  • With 34.2% salinity (in 2011), it is also one of the world's saltiest bodies of water, though Lake Vanda in Antarctica (35%), Lake Assal (Djibouti) (34.8%), Lagoon Garabogazköl in the Caspian Sea (up to 35%), and some hypersaline ponds and lakes of the McMurdo Dry Valleys in Antarctica (such as Don Juan Pond (44%)) have reported higher salinities.
  • It is almost ten times saltier than ordinary seawaters. 
  • This salinity makes for a harsh environment in which animals cannot flourish, hence its name.
  • It is 50 kilometres long and 15 kilometres wide at its widest point.
  • The Dead Sea seawater has a density of 1.240 kg/L, which makes swimming in its waters similar to floating.

Q1) What is a Rift Valley?

Rift valleys are long, narrow depressions in the Earth's crust that are formed when tectonic plates split apart. They are often bordered by mountains or elevated blocks.

Source: Iran-Backed 'Islamic Resistance In Iraq' Claims Attack Against Israeli Target On Dead Sea Coastline