Eravikulam National Park

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Eravikulam National Park Blog Image


Eravikulam National Park (ENP), a natural habitat for the endangered Nilgiri tahr, reported two tahr births recently.

About Eravikulam National Park:

  • Location: Idukki District, Kerala
  • Area: 97 sq. Km
  • It was declared as a National Park in 1978.
  • This is also the land of “Neelakurinji”, the flower that blooms once in twelve years. 
  • The highest peak south of the Himalayas – The Anamudi (2695 meters) is situated in this park.
  • Topography:  The major part of the park is covered with rolling grasslands, but several patches of shola forests are also found in the upper part of the valley.


  • Important flora includes Actinodaphne bourdilloni, Microtropis ramiflora, Pittosporum tetraspermium, Sysygium aronottianum,  Chrysopogon Zelanieus, Eupatorium adenophorum, Strobilanthus Kunthianus (Neela Kurinji), Eulalia phaeothrix, Tripogen bromodes, Arundinella fuscata, Cyanotis Species etc.
  • The shola grasslands are exceptionally rich in balsams and orchids including the long thought extinct variety Brachycorythis wightii.


  • 29 Species of mammals are found here of which 5 are endemic to the Western Ghats. 
  • The Nilgiri Tahr, Gaur, Sloth Bear, Nilgiri Langur, Tiger, Leopard, Giant Squirrel and wild dog are common.
  • Half the world population of the endangered Nilgiri Tahr lives here.
  • 140 species of birds of which 10 are unique to the Western Ghats.
  • The Atlas moth, the largest of its kind in the world is seen in this Park. 
  • More than 100 varieties of butterflies and  20 species of amphibians are also seen here. 

Nilgiri Tahr:

  • It is a sure-footed ungulate that is endemic to the southern part of Western Ghats. 
  • Scientific name: Nilgiritragus hylocrius
  • It is also the state animal of Tamil Nadu.
  • IUCN Status: “ Endangered”
  • Wildlife (Protection) Act of India, 1972 : Schedule 1


Q1) Which is the cimate of Eravikulam National Park?

The Park receives heavy showers during the southwest (June/July) and retreating (October/November) Monsoons and is one of the wettest area of the World. April & May are the hottest months. The occurrence of frost is quite common during the winter (December to February)

Source: In a first, Eravikulam National Park reports birth of Nilgiri tahr in December