Recently, researchers have discovered a new species Cyperaceae and named it as Fimbristylis jaleeliana.
About Fimbristylis jaleeliana
- It is a family of graminoid (grass-like) monocotyledonous flowering plants, from the lateritic hillocks of Kannur district.
- It thrives in lateritic grasslands at an elevation of 60 metres above sea level.
- The genus Fimbristylis was one of the largest genera within the family Cyperaceae, represented by 320 species distributed in tropical and subtropical regions.
- In India, the genus was represented by 124 species, of which 97 were found in the Western Ghats and west coast.
- Threats: Its existence is under threat due to habitat destruction caused by mining activities, posing a risk to its already fragmented populations on the lateritic plateau.
What are Cyperaceae?
- It belongs to sedge family of monocotyledonous flowering plants.
- The Cyperaceae are grasslike herbaceous plants found especially in wet regions throughout the world.
- The members are distributed throughout all the continents except Antarctica.
- Although there is a large number of species in Arctic, temperate, and tropical regions, the diversity of genera is far greater in tropical regions.
Q1) What is Laterite soil?
It is a soil layer that is rich in iron oxide and derived from a wide variety of rocks weathering under strongly oxidizing and leaching conditions. It forms in tropical and subtropical regions where the climate is humid.