Garumbatitan Morellensis

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Overview:

Recently, scientists discovered massive long-necked dinosaur 'titan' in Spain and named it Garumbatitan morellensis.

About Garumbatitan Morellensis

  • It was a Titanosaur species, which is a subgroup of sauropods.
  • It was the only lineage to survive until the dinosaur-killing asteroid struck around 66 million years ago.
  • These massive fossils, as per estimates, date back to the Lower Cretaceous period (some 145 to 66 million years ago).
  • These titans belonged to the sub-group Somphospondyli.

Key facts about Titanosaur species

  • They lived from the Late Jurassic Epoch (163.5 million to 145 million years ago) to the end of the Cretaceous Period (145 million to 66 million years ago).
  • Titanosaur fossils have been found on all continents except Antarctica and include some 40 species.
  • The group contains the largest terrestrial animals known, some even approaching the size of modern whales.
  • Like other sauropods, titanosaurs were herbivorous quadrupeds with long tails, long necks, and small heads.
  • Their bodies were stockier and their limbs produced a wider stance than other sauropods.
  • They also possessed vertebrae with a honeycomb-like internal structure and six sacral vertebrate]

Q1: What is Vertebrae?

Vertebrae are a series of small, bony segments that make up the vertebral column, commonly known as the spine or backbone, in vertebrate animals, including humans. The vertebral column serves several important functions, such as supporting the body, protecting the spinal cord, and facilitating movement. 

Source: Scientists discover massive long-necked dinosaur 'titan' in Spain