Golden Langurs

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According to the comprehensive population estimation by the Primate Research Centre NE India (PRCNE), Assam Forest Department, Bodoland Territorial Council, Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History (SACON), and Conservation Himalayas there are an estimated 7,396 golden langurs in India.

About Golden Langurs

  • It can be most easily recognized by the color of their fur, after which they are named.
  • It has been noted that their fur changes colors according to the seasons.
  • The color of the young also differs from adults in that they are almost pure white.
  • Geographic Range:
    • o It is limited to Assam, India and neighboring Bhutan where they live year-round.
    • o The area they inhabit is restricted to the region surrounded by four geographical landmarks: the foothills of Bhutan (north), Manas river (east), Sankosh river (west), and Brahmaputra river (south).
  • Habitat
    • o They occupy moist evergreen and tropical deciduous forests as well as some riverine areas and savannas in Assam and Bhutan.
    • o They are very much dependent on trees, living in the upper canopy of sub-tropical forests in the south and in more temperate forests in the north.
    • o They may be found at elevations close to sea level in the south and up to 3000 m at the foothills of Bhutan in the north.
  • Conservation status
    • o IUCN: Endangered
    • o CITES: Appendix I
    • o Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 : Schedule I

Q1) What is the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)?

It is an international agreement between governments that aims to ensure that international trade in wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival. CITES was adopted in 1973 and entered into force in 1975.There are 184 member parties, and trade is regulated in more than 38,000 species.

Source: India’s golden langur population estimated at 7,396