About Green India Mission:
- National Mission for a Green India (GIM) is one of the eight Missions under the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC).
- GIM was launched in the year 2014 as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme.
- Aim: To respond to climate change by a combination of adaptation and mitigation measures, which would help:
- enhance carbon sinks
- adaptation of vulnerable species/ecosystems to the changing climate
- adaptation of forest-dependant communities
- Increased forest/tree cover on 5 million hectares (mha) of forest/non-forest lands and improved quality of forest cover on another 5 mha (a total of 10 mha).
- Improved ecosystem services including biodiversity, hydrological services and carbon sequestration as a result of treatment of 10 mha.
- Increased forest-based livelihood income of about 3 million households living in and around the forests.
- Enhanced annual CO2 sequestration by 50 to 60 million tonnes in the year 2020.
- The Mission has clear targets for different forest types and ecosystems.
- Activities under Green India Mission will be implemented under convergence with Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA), Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA) and the National Afforestation Programme (NAP).
Q1) What are the missions under National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC)?
The National Action Plan on Climate change was formally launched on June 30th, 2008. The eight missions under NAPCC are National Solar Mission, National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency, National Mission on Sustainable Habitat, National Water Mission, National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem, National Mission for a Green India, National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture, National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change