Global Tiger Recovery Program (GTRP)

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As per the report submitted under the Global Tiger Recovery Program (GTRP) 2.0 overall tiger population increased 60%.

About Global Tiger Recovery Program (GTRP)

  • It was launched in 2010 under the Global Tiger Initiative (GTI) by the World Bank to save wild tigers. 
  • This initiative set up the ambitious target of reversing the rapid decline of wild tigers across their range and doubling their population numbers by 2022.
  • Alongside these top-level targets, the GTRP set out urgent thematic actions at a national level to strengthen wild tiger conservation in sync with this global goal.
  • The first GTRP helped to pull focus to wild tiger conservation and secure a collective commitment from TRCs.
  • It was endorsed in the St Petersburg Declaration in 2010 which saw 13 tiger range countries committing to reverse the decline of the species population.
  • The 13 tiger range countries are Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Lao PDR Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Russia, Thailand, and Vietnam.

What is GTRP 2.0?

  • It has been firmed up by tiger range countries through the intergovernmental platform of the Global Tiger Forum along with collaborators like the WWF.
  • It emphasizes on strengthening tiger governance, enhancing resources and protection, while addressing contemporary challenges like Human-Wildlife Conflict.
  • It aims to pave the way for tiger conservation from 2023-2034.

Q1) What is Project Tiger?

It is a significant wildlife conservation initiative in India aimed at protecting and preserving the Bengal tiger, an iconic and endangered species. Launched in 1973, it was one of the first wildlife conservation projects in the world and has been instrumental in the conservation of this majestic big cat.

Source: 60% increase in overall tiger population, but habitat & biodiversity loss threatening Southeast Asian big cats