Gulf of Aden

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Overview:

A U.S. Navy warship responded to a distress call from a commercial tanker in the Gulf of Aden that had been seized by armed individuals recently.

About Gulf of Aden

  • It is an extension of the Indian Ocean, tucked between the Arabian Peninsula (north) and the African continent (South). 
  • The gulf is named after “Aden,” a port city on Yemen’s coast.
  • Borders: It is bounded to the south by Somalia and the Socotra Islands (part of Yemen), to the north by Yemen, to the east by the Arabian Sea, and to the west by Djibouti. 
  • The gulf is connected to the Somali Sea to the south by the Guardafui Channel and to the Red Sea on the west by the Strait of Bab el Mandeb.
  • Size: It is approximately 900 km long and 500 km wide and covers roughly 410,000 square kilometers. 
  • Depth: It has an average depth of 500 meters and a maximum depth of 2,700 meters. 
  • The dominant relief feature of the gulf’s terrain is the Sheba Ridge, an extension of the Indian Ocean ridge system, which extends along the middle of the gulf.
  • It is also a critical part of the Suez Canal shipping route, which connects the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea.
  • Some of the major cities near the gulf include Aden, Mukalla, Ahnwar, Balhaf, Berbera, Bosaso, and Djibouti City.

Q1) What is a Gulf?

A gulf can be described as a large body of water that is almost encircled by land except for a small mouth that is opened out to the ocean. While it can be described as a large bay, the Gulf of Mexico is considered to be the largest in the world consisting of a total surface area of about 1,554,000 square kilometres.

Source: Tanker in Middle East safe from attackers after U.S. Navy responds, officials say