Indian Rhinoceros

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Assam Chief Minister has recently announced that no rhinos were poached in the state in 2022.


  • Distribution: The Indian rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) is found only in the Brahmaputra valley, parts of North Bengal, and parts of southern Nepal. 
  • Characteristics: It has a single black horn that can grow up to 60 cm, and a tough, grey-brown hide with skin folds, which gives the animal its characteristic armour-plated look.
  • Conservation: The Indian rhino is listed as vulnerable (better than endangered, worse than near threatened) in the IUCN Red List; it was earlier placed in the endangered category.
  • Population: According to the WWF, there are around 3,700 Indian rhinos in the wild today. Assam’s Kaziranga National Park (KNP) alone has 2,613 animals, according to a census carried out in March 2022. There are more than 250 other rhinos in the Orang, Pobitora, and Manas parks.
  • Rhino poaching:
    • Rhinos have been poached for their horn, which is prized in some cultures.
  • Ground rhino horn is used in traditional Chinese medicine to cure a range of ailments, from cancer to hangovers, and also as an aphrodisiac”; in Vietnam, a rhino horn is considered a status symbol.


Q1) What is World Wide Fund for Nature?

It is an independent conservation organization active in nearly 100 countries, which is working to sustain the natural world for the benefit of people and wildlife.

Source: For first time in many years, no rhinos poached in Assam in 2022