Key Facts about North Sea

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Overview:

An Indian crew member was killed, and several others injured after a freight ship carrying nearly 3,000 cars in the North Sea caught fire recently.

About North Sea:

 

  • It is a sea in northern Europe and is part of the Atlantic ocean.
  • Borders: It is bordered by the United Kingdom and Norway to the west, Denmark to the south, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France to the east, and the Faroe Islands and Norway's Svalbard archipelago to the north.
  • The North Sea connects to the Atlantic Ocean via the English Channel in the southwest and the Baltic Sea in the east via the Kattegat and Skagerrak straits.
  • The Kiel Canal, one of the world's busiest artificial waterways, connects the North Sea with the Baltic.
  • Area: It covers an area of approximately 570,000 square kilometers (220,000 square miles).
  • Depth:
    • It is a relatively shallow sea with an average depth of 90 meters.
    • The sea’s deepest part is the Norwegian trench which is 725 meters deep.
    • The shallowest area is the Dogger Bank, which is only 12 metres deep.
  •  Climate:
    • It experiences an oceanic temperate maritime climate characterized by slightly high temperatures.
    • Winters are long but cool, while summers are short and mild
  • Rivers: Major rivers that drain into the North Sea include the Forth, Elbe, the Weser, the Ems, the Rhine and Meuse, the Scheldt, the Thames, and the Humber.
  • Ports: It has several major ports located along its coasts, such as Rotterdam, the busiest port in Europe, Antwerp, Hamburg, Bremerhaven and Felixstowe, all busy container seaports, as well as the Port of Bruges-Zeebrugge, Europe's leading RoRo port. 

 


Q) What is the English Channel?

The English Channel, often referred to simply as "the Channel," is a body of water that separates southern England from northern France and connects the Atlantic Ocean to the North Sea. It extends from the western end at Land's End in Cornwall, England, to the eastern end at Cap Gris-Nez in Hauts-de-France, France.It is one of the busiest and most important waterways in the world, serving as a crucial maritime route for trade, transportation, and communication between the United Kingdom and continental Europe.