Key Facts about Tuvalu

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Prelims: World Geography
Key Facts about Tuvalu Blog Image

About Tuvalu:


  • It was formerly called as the Ellice Islands.
  • It’s an island country in the west-central Pacific Ocean, and sits around halfway between Hawaii and Australia. 
  • Capital: Funafuti
  • Its neighbours include Kiribati, to the north, and Fiji, to the south.
  • It is composed of nine small coral islands scattered in a chain lying approximately northwest to southeast 
  • Language: The Tuvaluans are Polynesian and they speak Tuvaluan language which is closely related to Samoan.
  • Government
    • The government is a parliamentary democracy with a unicameral legislature elected by universal adult suffrage.
    • There are no political parties: the prime minister is chosen by and from the legislature.
    • Tuvalu is a member of the South Pacific Forum.
  • Economy
    • Most people are subsistence farmers and are aided by remittances from relatives working overseas.
    • A small quantity of copra is produced for export, the sale of stamps accounts for modest earnings, and fees are collected from foreign fishing fleets.
  • Threats
    • Due to its low-lying geography, Tuvalu is at acute risk from natural disasters, including rising storm surges, cyclones, and tsunamis.


Q) What is Climate change?

Climate change refers to long-term alterations in Earth's climate patterns, including changes in temperature, precipitation, wind patterns, and other weather conditions. It is a complex phenomenon caused primarily by human activities and natural processes.


Source: Tuvalu, the world’s least visited nation, likely to disappear soon