- It was formerly called as the Ellice Islands.
- It’s an island country in the west-central Pacific Ocean, and sits around halfway between Hawaii and Australia.
- Capital: Funafuti
- Its neighbours include Kiribati, to the north, and Fiji, to the south.
- It is composed of nine small coral islands scattered in a chain lying approximately northwest to southeast
- Language: The Tuvaluans are Polynesian and they speak Tuvaluan language which is closely related to Samoan.
- The government is a parliamentary democracy with a unicameral legislature elected by universal adult suffrage.
- There are no political parties: the prime minister is chosen by and from the legislature.
- Tuvalu is a member of the South Pacific Forum.
- Most people are subsistence farmers and are aided by remittances from relatives working overseas.
- A small quantity of copra is produced for export, the sale of stamps accounts for modest earnings, and fees are collected from foreign fishing fleets.
- Due to its low-lying geography, Tuvalu is at acute risk from natural disasters, including rising storm surges, cyclones, and tsunamis.
Q) What is Climate change?
Climate change refers to long-term alterations in Earth's climate patterns, including changes in temperature, precipitation, wind patterns, and other weather conditions. It is a complex phenomenon caused primarily by human activities and natural processes.