Lesser Flamingo

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Lesser Flamingo Blog Image


Recently, after a six-year absence, the lesser flamingos have finally found their way back to Pulicat Lake.

About Lesser Flamingo: hallux, : 

  • It is the smallest of all flamingos but has the largest population.
  • It possesses the "hallux" or hind toe that some other flamingos do not have.
  • Males are a little taller than females.
  • Habitat: It inhabits coastal and inland wetlands.
  • Geographical distribution: Africa, Asia continents and in that especially Sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, North Africa
  • They mostly eat blue-green algae but occasionally will take crustaceans and small insects.
  • It is  serially monogamous, meaning they form pairs that remain together while they are raising the young
  • Conservation status
    • IUCN: Near Threatened

Key Facts about the Pulicat Lake

  • It is the second-largest brackish water lake in the country.
  • It lies at the border of the states of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. (Majorly lies in Andhra Pradesh)
  • The long and narrow Sriharikota Island, which separates Pulicat Lake from the Bay of Bengal, 
  • It is popular as a flamingo-watching site and for water activities.
  • Both the South West and North-East monsoons provide rain to the area where Pulicat Lake is located


Q1) What are Blue-green algae?

Blue-green algae are a type of bacteria that can be found in both marine and freshwater environments. They are photosynthetic and often form visible colonies or blooms that can appear green, blue-green, or red.

Source: A flamboyance of lesser flamingos have arrived at Chennai’s Pulicat