Nallamala forest is witnessing frequent forest fires due to rising temperatures, where the day temperature is almost touching 40 degrees Celsius.
About Nallamala Forest:
- It is one of the largest stretches of undisturbed forest in South India, apart from the Western Ghats.
- It is spread over five districts in the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.
- It is located in Nallamala Hills, which is a part of the Eastern Ghats.
- It lies south of the Krishna river.
- The forest has a good tiger population, and a part of the forest belongs to the Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve, the largest tiger reserve in the country.
- It has a warm to hot climate throughout the year, with summer especially hot and winters mostly cool and dry.
- It gets most of its rain during the South West monsoon.
- Vegetation: Tropical dry deciduous.
- Flora: It harbors endemic species like Andrographis nallamalayana, Eriolaena lushingtonii, Crotalaria madurensis var, Dicliptera beddomei and premna hamitonii.
- Fauna: It is home to as many as 700 species of animals besides tigers, leopards, such as black buck, wild hog, peacock, pangolin, Indian Python and King Cobras and several rare bird species.
Q1) Where is Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve?
Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve is the Largest Tiger Reserve in India. This is spread across Kurnool, prakasham, Guntur, Nalgonda and Mahbub Nagar Districts of Combined Andhra Pradesh. The area consists mostly of the Nallamala Hills.