National Tiger Conservation Authority

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According to National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA), India has recorded 30 tiger deaths within 2 months into 2023.

About National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA):

  • It is a statutory body under the Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change (MoEFCC).
  • It was established in 2006 under  Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972.
  • Objectives:
  • Providing statutory authority to Project Tiger so that compliance of its directives become legal.
  • Fostering accountability of Center-State in management of Tiger Reserves by providing a basis for MoU with States within the federal structure.
  • Providing for an oversight by Parliament.
  • Addressing livelihood interests of local people in areas surrounding Tiger Reserves.


  • NTCA Members:
  • Minister in charge of MoEFCC (as Chairperson),
  • Minister of State in MoEFCC (as Vice-Chairperson),
  • Three members of Parliament, the Secretary (MoEFCC), and other members.


What is ‘Project Tiger’?

  • It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) of the MoEFCC.
  • It was launched on 1st April 1973.
  • It provides funding support to tiger range States for the in-situ conservation of tigers in designated tiger reserves.
  • Project Tiger has been the largest species conservation initiative of its kind in the world.
  • National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) is the immediate supervising agency.



Q1) What is the Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972?

The Government enacted Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972 with the objective of effectively protecting the wildlife of this country and to control poaching, smuggling and illegal trade in wildlife and its derivatives

Source: 30 tigers die in 2 months, officials say no cause for alarm